The conflict known as the Lowry War arose from the 1830s to the 1860s. During the Civil War many Native Americans living in Robeson County were conscripted to work on Confederate fortifications. To avoid forced labor, many Lumbee men camped in the woods and swamps near their homes. Following the Civil war most North Carolinians faced horrific conditions, and many struggled to feed their families. Nonwhites faced the additional burden of racial oppression. A band of “swamp outlaws” led by Henry Berry Lowry raided local plantations as a way of defying the system. The violent clash that followed raged until the early 1870s when Lowry mysteriously disappeared.

This exhibit was created by students in HIST 234: Native American Tribal Studies: Lumbee History.